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Brightening a photo in Photoshop

When I take my photos, I tend to underexpose them. This is because one can usually recover shadows from a RAW file, but not really highlights. Once something is burned out in a photo, it’s gone for good. But then I have to brighten them in the end. So today I will show you a way, that I apply almost to every one of my photos. It does not only brighten it, but also gives a bit of contrast, color and overall pop to the photo. Works well on most of my photos.

This is more for the ones that are less familiar with luminosity masks, as those who use them probably do this all the time :)

Using levels to brighten a photo

So what I do, is to create a selection of only the shadow areas in a photo and then add contrast and brightness to those. I don’t want to change anything with the bright areas of the photo, just the dark ones. One has to:

1. Open a photo one wants to edit
2. Go into the Channels window. If you don’t see it, you can turn it on under Window/Channels
3. In this window, hold down Ctrl and click on the RGB channel. This will select all the bright areas in a photo and you will see the selection marching ants on your image.

Using levels to brighten a photo

4. Now, we need to inverse this selection, so instead of the bright areas it selects the dark ones. Hit Ctrl+Shift+I (or Select/Inverse from the menu). The selection will change to the inverse one.
5. Go back to the layers window. Choose Create new Adjustment layer in the bottom right (circle icon that is half white, half black) and from the menu choose levels.

Using levels to brighten a photo

6. A new levels layer will be added with a mask already applied to it. In the levels window, you will see, that the histogram is towards the left and not the right. That means no highlights are select and will not be modified.
7. To add brightness, start dragging the white triangle on the right side of the histogram to the left. Until it touches the histogram, you are no overexposing any parts of the photo, so you can safely move it as much as you need.
8. To add contrast, move the middle triangle to right. I would not overdo this, usually staying between 1.0 and 0.9 works best.

Using levels to brighten a photo

You can repeat this process multiple times, as after each edit, the selection changes. If you are getting very saturated colors afterwards, you can just change the blending mode of the layer to Luminosity and then it will have no effect on the color saturation at all. Yo can also use this only on part of your image, depending on what you need.

One can get a similar result by using Curves or the Brightness/Contrast adjustments. Mostly depends on which one are you most comfortable to use.

And here are few before/after comparisons. The changes are subtle, but noticeable. Maybe a bit harder with the photos next to each other, but much more when you can flip between the two versions in Photoshop. Most editing is just these subtle changes used multiple times.

Using levels to brighten a photo
Using levels to brighten a photo
Using levels to brighten a photo

This is a very simple edit, but once one gets used to it and luminosity masks, one can get really great results with it. I have some photos, where all of my edits were just levels with different masks applied :)

At the edge of Business bay in Dubai

A bit of a random photo from the Business bay in Dubai. I took many photos there, but also wanted some with the bridges in the area. But it was also already quite late at night and I have been up since 4am that day. And the heat really did not help with not being dead tired. So I got few shots and packed for the day. Still it came out quite nice.

This is a three exposure blend done completely in Photoshop. This is not a panorama, I cropped the photo to this aspect ration. I used the 12mm Laowa lens here, and while it captured a lot in the shot, it also meant I got a lot of the water, more then I wanted. So I cropped it out of the photo. Cityscapes usually look better as panoramic shots anyway. I also used the Nisi Natural Night filter in this photo. I don’t use it all the time, but I quite like the results I got in my Dubai photos. It really depends on the lights that are in the scene, if it’s worth it or not.

At the edge of Business bay in Dubai, UAE

New wallpapers

Let’s do even more 4K wallpapers today. Today the theme is mountains and fog, and all of these wallpapers were taken around Slovakian High Tatras. As always, these are at 3840×2160 so will work perfectly on your 4k monitor.

Don’t forget to check out other available wallpapers:

Mountains and fog wallpapers in 4K

And here are the newly added wallpapers:




Light beams at the Old bridge

Let’s continue with another photo from my archives. This one I took last year at the White night event in Bratislava. If you never heard of the White night, it a night where there are many light installations around the city, just for that night. It’s quite popular here and the streets are full of people that day. The next one is still a bit off, as it’s on the 28th of September.

This shot was taken under the Old bridge, when they had these moving light beams shining from the bridge. Sometimes they have these, sometimes they have color lights inside the bridge instead. I like both. I took multiple photos trying to catch the lights pointing straight up, and almost got all of them. This is a two shot vertorama, each shot from two exposures. Blended and merged in Photoshop.

Light beams at the Old bridge

Prague reflection

It’s quite usual for me, at the beginning of the year, to be low on photos to post. I already have plans for photo trips in the next few months, but nothing right now. And with the last few not being that successful, I’m back to choosing photos from my archives.

So for today, here is a photo from one of my trips to Prague. It’s probably the most photographed view there, but still worth it :). This is a blend from 4 exposes, done in Photoshop.

Prague reflection, Prague, Czech republic
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